TCF112/Feminism and Film

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General Feminism

  • To challenge sexism in a society that's still patriarchal
    • Sexism = anything contributes to the subordination or exploitation of women
    • Patriarchal (patriarchy) = male-dominated society
      • matriarchy = female-dominated
  • Sexual Politics
    • Kate Millett (1969)
  • 2nd Women's Movement (1960-)
    1. Equal job opportunity
      • Equal pay for equal work
      • Equal opportunity
    2. Day care
    3. Rape & violence towards women
    4. Abortion
    5. Image of women in media

Feminist Film Criticism

  1. Sociological interpretation of "stereotypes"
    • Direct reflection of society
    • Expression of repressed desires
  2. Rediscovery of women directors
    • Auteurism favored male directors
    • Dorothy Arzner
    • Dance, Girl, Dance
  3. Pornography
  4. Woman-as-Spectacle
    • Laura Mulvey, "Visual Pleasure & Narrative Cinema" (1975)
    • Freudian psychology (psychoanalysis)
      • Film viewing = voyeurism (in Freudian terms)
      • Power relationships

Feminist Filmmaking

  1. Documentary
    • Deal with feminist issues (outlined above)
    • Didactic
    • Some feminist docs. are autobiographical
  2. "Socialist Realism"
    • Not advocating socialism/communism
    • Fictional films with a message
  3. Women's cinema as counter cinema
    • "Counter" to classical style
    • New style to fit new content