Screenpedia:Help

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Editing Screenpedia material

Screenpedia is a wiki, which means that users can edit any page and have those changes posted immediately to that page.

Editing a Screenpedia page is very easy. Simply click on the "edit" tab at the top of a wiki page. This will bring you to a new page with a text box containing the editable text of the original page. You should write a short summary of your changes in the small field below the edit-box. When you have finished, press the Show preview button to see how your changes will look. If you're happy with what you see, be bold and press the Save page button. Your changes will immediately be visible to other Screenpedia users.

You can also click on the "Discussion" tab to see the corresponding talk page, which contains comments about the page from other Screenpedia users. Click on the talk page's "+" tab to add a new section, or edit the page in the same way as an article page.

You should remember to sign your messages on talk pages, but you should not sign edits you make to regular articles. In page histories, the MediaWiki software keeps track of which user makes each change.

How to format your text

Let's say you want to have italics or boldface or a Web link in your Screenpedia page. Well sir, you can use some funky punctuation to achieve that!

When you're entering stuff into Screenpedia, you are limited to just letters, numbers and punctuation marks; but Screenpedia understands certain use of punctuation to mean "format text this way." Thus, three apostrophes on either side of a word -- like
'''this'''
-- will boldface a word when it appears in Screenpedia. All manner of cool effects are possible through a bit of creative punctuation.

Fortunately, you don't even have to memorize the basic formatting, because just above the editing window is a set of buttons that'll automate it for you (see below). All you have to do is highlight the text you want to format in the editing window and then click one of them. Here are a few to get you going:

Button bold.png bold
Button italic.png italics
Button link.png link to something in Screenpedia
Button extlink.png link to something outside Screenpedia; this should be a Web address that begins with "http://".
Button sig.png add your signature to a discussion/talk page; for this one you don't highlight text first. If you click it, it'll insert two hyphens and three tildes (--~~~~). When Screenpedia sees that, it transforms it into:
--Jeremy Butler 16:06, 7 February 2006 (CST)

'Course, this just scratches the surface of the formatting you can do. There are a many more effects you can achieve with simple (and not so simple) punctuation. In the left column of the table below, you can see what effects are possible. In the right column, you can see how those effects were achieved. In other words, to make text look like it looks in the left column, type it in the format you see in the right column.

You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference. If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the Sandbox. Try opening the Sandbox in a separate window or tab and keeping this page open for reference.

(This method of formatting or "marking" text is known as wiki mark-up and is closely related to HTML mark-up.)

Examples

What it looks like What you type

Start your sections as follows:

New section

Subsection

Sub-subsection

  • Start with a second-level heading (==); don't use first-level headings (=).
  • Don't skip levels (for example, second-level followed by fourth-level).
  • A Table of Contents will automatically be added to an article that has four or more sections.
  • If appropriate, place subsections in an appropriate order. If listing countries, place them in alphabetical order rather than, say, relative to population of OECD countries, or some random order.
==New section==

===Subsection===

====Sub-subsection====

Starting a newline while editing generally has no effect on the layout. The lines will be merged together.

But an empty line will start a new paragraph and create a blank line between paragraphs.

  • When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see below).
Starting a newline while editing
generally has no effect on the layout. 
The lines will be merged together.

''But'' an empty line will 
start a new paragraph and create a 
blank line between paragraphs.

You can break lines
without starting a new paragraph.

  • Please use this sparingly.
  • Close markup between lines, do not start a link or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.
You can break lines<br>
without starting a new paragraph.
  • It's easy to create a list:
    • Start every line with a star (i.e., asterisk).
      • More stars means deeper levels.
        • A newline in a list

marks the end of the list.

  • An empty line (like above) starts a new list.
* It's easy to create a list:
** Start every line with a star (i.e., asterisk).
*** More stars means deeper levels.
**** A newline in a list
marks the end of the list.

* An empty line (like above) starts a new list.
  1. Numbered lists are also good:
    1. Create them by putting a pound sign (#)
    2. at the start of a line.
    3. Very organized.
    4. Easy to follow.
      1. And it's easy to create lists within lists.
      2. Just increase the number of pound signs.
# Numbered lists are also good:
## Create them by putting a pound sign (#) 
## at the start of a line.
## Very organized.
## Easy to follow.
### And it's easy to create lists within lists. 
###Just increase the number of pound signs.
Definition list 
list of definitions
item 
the item's definition
another item
the other item's definition
  • Begin with a semicolon. One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.
; Definition list : list of definitions
; item : the item's definition
; another item
: the other item's definition
  • You can even create mixed lists
    1. and nest them
      • like this
        can I mix definition list as well?
        yes
        how?
        it's easy as
        • a
        • b
        • c
* You can even create mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* like this
*#*; can I mix definition list as well?
*#*: yes
*#*; how?
*#*: it's easy as
*#*:* a 
*#*:* b
*#*:* c
A colon indents a line or paragraph.

A manual newline starts a new paragraph.

  • This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion on Talk pages.
: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.

When there is a need for separating a block of text

the blockquote command will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.

This is useful for (as the name says) inserting blocks of quoted (and cited) text.

<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' command will indent 
both margins when needed instead of the 
left margin only as the colon does.  
</blockquote>

(See formula on right):

  • This is useful for:
    • pasting preformatted text;
    • algorithm descriptions;
    • program source code;
    • ASCII art;
    • chemical structures;
  • WARNING: If you make it wide, you force the whole page to be wide and hence less readable, especially for people who use lower resolutions. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.
 IF a line starts with a space THEN
 it will be formatted exactly
 as typed;
 in a fixed-width font;
 lines will not wrap;
 ENDIF
Centered text.
  • Please note the American spelling of "center."
<center>Centered text.</center>

A horizontal dividing line: this is above it


and this is below it.

  • Mainly useful for
    • disambiguation - but to be used sparsely, only when separating completely different, unrelated (groups of) meanings
    • separating threads on Talk pages.
A [[horizontal dividing line]]:
this is above it
----
and this is below it.

Links and URLs

What it looks like What you type

London has public transport.

  • A link to another Screenpedia article.
  • Internally, the first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).
  • Thus the link above is to the URL www.Screenpedia.org/Public_transport, which is the Screenpedia article with the name "Public transport".
London has [[public transport]].

San Francisco also has public transportation.

  • Same target, different name.
  • This is a piped link.
  • The "piped" text must be placed first, the text that will be displayed, second.
San Francisco also has
[[public transport|
public transportation]].

San Francisco also has public transportation.

Examples include buses, taxis, and streetcars.

  • Endings are blended into the link.
  • Preferred style is to use this instead of a piped link, if possible.
San Francisco also has
[[public transport]]ation.

Examples include [[bus]]es, [[taxi]]s,
and [[streetcar]]s.

See the Screenpedia:Manual of Style.

See the [[Screenpedia:Manual of Style]].

Automatically hide stuff in parentheses: kingdom.

Automatically hide namespace: Village Pump.

Or both: Manual of Style

But not: [[Screenpedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]

  • The server fills in the part after the pipe character (|) when you save the page. The next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. When previewing your edits, you will not see the expanded form until you press Save and Edit again. The same applies to links to sections within the same page (see previous entry).
Automatically hide stuff
in parentheses:
[[kingdom (biology)|]].

Automatically hide namespace: 
[[Screenpedia:Village Pump|]].

Or both:
[[Screenpedia:
Manual of Style (headings)|]]

But not:
[[Screenpedia:
Manual of Style#Links|]]

The weather in London is a page that does not exist yet.

  • You can create it by clicking on the link (but please do not do so with this particular link).
  • To create a new page:
    1. Create a link to it on some other (related) page.
    2. Save that page.
    3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
  • For more information, see How to start a page and check out Screenpedia's naming conventions.
  • Please do not create a new article without linking to it from at least one other article.
[[The weather in London]]
is a page 
that does not exist yet.

Screenpedia:Help is this page.

  • Self links appear as bold text when the article is viewed.
[[Screenpedia:Help]] is this page.

When adding a comment to a Talk page, you should sign it by adding three tildes to add your user name:

Ben Brockert

or four to add user name plus date/time:

Ben Brockert 00:18, Nov 19, 2004 (UTC)

Five tildes gives the date/time alone:

00:18, Nov 19, 2004 (UTC)
  • The first two both provide a link to your user page.
When adding a comment to a Talk page,
you should sign it by adding
three tildes to add your user name:
: ~~~
or four for user name plus date/time:
: ~~~~
Five tildes gives the date/time alone:
: ~~~~~
  • Redirect one article title to another by placing a directive like the one shown to the right on the first line of the article (such as at a page titled "USA").
  • Note that, while it is possible to link to a section, it is not possible to redirect to a section. For example, "#REDIRECT [[United States#History]]" will redirect to the United States page, but not to any particular section on it. This feature may be implemented in the future - see feature request 1837 (it appears as a bug).
#REDIRECT [[United States]]
  • Link to a page on the same subject in another language by using a link of the form: [[language code:Title]].
  • It does not matter where you put these links while editing as they will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.
  • Please see Screenpedia:Interlanguage links and the list of languages and codes.
[[fr:Wikipédia:Aide]]

What links here and Related changes pages can be linked as: Screenpedia:How to edit a page and Screenpedia:How to edit a page

'''What links here''' and
'''Related changes'''
pages can be linked as:
[[Special:Whatlinkshere|
Screenpedia:How to edit a page]]
and
[[Special:Recentchangeslinked|
Screenpedia:How to edit a page]]

A user's Contributions page can be linked as: Special:Contributions/UserName or Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0

A user's '''Contributions''' page
can be linked as:
[[Special:Contributions/UserName]]
or
[[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]]
  • To put an article in a Screenpedia:Category, place a link like the one to the right anywhere in the article. As with interlanguage links, it does not matter where you put these links while editing as they will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.
[[Category:Character sets]]
  • To link to a Screenpedia:Category page without putting the article into the category, use an initial colon (:) in the link.
[[:Category:Character sets]]

Linking to other wikis:

  1. Interwiki link:

Wiktionary:Hello

  1. Named interwiki link:

Hello

  1. Interwiki link without prefix:

Hello

for the list of shortcuts; if the site you want to link to is not on the list, use an external link (see above).

  • See also

[[Screenpedia:How to link to Wikimedia projects]].

Linking to another language's wiktionary:

  1. Wiktionary:fr:bonjour
  2. bonjour
  3. fr:bonjour
Linking to other wikis:
# [[Interwiki]] link:
[[Wiktionary:Hello]]
# Named interwiki link:
[[Wiktionary:Hello|Hello]]
# Interwiki link without prefix:
[[Wiktionary:Hello|]]

Linking to another
language's wiktionary:
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|]]

ISBN 012345678X

ISBN 0-12-345678-X

  • Link to books using their ISBN. This is preferred to linking to a specific online bookstore, because it gives the reader a choice of vendors.
  • ISBN links do not need any extra markup, provided you use one of the indicated formats.
ISBN 012345678X

ISBN 0-12-345678-X

Date formats:

  1. July 20, 1969
  2. 20 July 1969
  3. 1969-07-20
  4. 1969-07-20
  • Link dates in one of the above formats, so that everyone can set their own display order. If logged in, you can use Special:Preferences to change your own date display setting.
  • All of the above dates will appear as "20 July 1969" if you set your date display preference to "15 January 2001", but as "July 20, 1969" if you set it to "January 15, 2001", or as "1969-07-20" if you set it to "2001-01-15".
Date formats:
# [[July 20]], [[1969]]
# [[20 July]] [[1969]]
# [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
# [[1969-07-20]]

Sound

  • To include links to non-image uploads such as sounds, use a "media" link. For images, see next section.

Some uploaded sounds are listed at Screenpedia:Sound.

[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]

Character formatting

What it looks like What you type

Emphasize, strongly, very strongly.

  • These are double, triple, and quintuple apostrophes (single-quote marks), not double-quote marks.
''Emphasize'', '''strongly''', '''''very strongly'''''.

A typewriter font for monospace text or for computer code: int main()

  • For semantic reasons, using <code> where applicable is preferable to using <tt>.
A typewriter font for <tt>monospace text</tt>
or for computer code: <code>int main()</code>

You can use small text for captions.

You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.

You can strike out deleted material and underline new material.

You can also mark deleted material and inserted material using logical markup rather than visual markup.

  • When editing regular Screenpedia articles, just make your changes and do not mark them up in any special way.
  • When editing your own previous remarks in talk pages, it is sometimes appropriate to mark up deleted or inserted material.
You can <s>strike out deleted material</s>
and <u>underline new material</u>.

You can also mark <del>deleted material</del> and
<ins>inserted material</ins> using logical markup
rather than visual markup.

Diacritical marks:
À Á Â Ã Ä Å
Æ Ç È É Ê Ë
Ì Í Î Ï Ñ Ò
Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Ù
Ú Û Ü ß à á
â ã ä å æ ç
è é ê ë ì í
î ï ñ ò ó ô
œ õ ö ø ù ú
û ü ÿ


&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring; 
&AElig; &Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml; 
&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde; &Ograve; 
&Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &Ugrave; 
&Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &szlig; &agrave; &aacute; 
&acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil; 
&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml; &igrave; &iacute;
&icirc; &iuml; &ntilde; &ograve; &oacute; &ocirc; 
&oelig; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &ugrave; &uacute; 
&ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;

Punctuation:
¿ ¡ § ¶
† ‡ • – —
‹ › « »
‘ ’ “ ”


&iquest; &iexcl; &sect; &para;
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &ndash; &mdash;
&lsaquo; &rsaquo; &laquo; &raquo;
&lsquo; &rsquo; &ldquo; &rdquo;

Commercial symbols:
™ © ® ¢ € ¥
£ ¤


&trade; &copy; &reg; &cent; &euro; &yen; 
&pound; &curren;

Subscripts:
x1 x2 x3 or
x₀ x₁ x₂ x₃ x₄
x₅ x₆ x₇ x₈ x₉

Superscripts:
x1 x2 x3 or
x⁰ x¹ x² x³ x⁴
x⁵ x⁶ x⁷ x⁸ x⁹

  • The latter methods of sub/superscripting cannot be used in the most general context, as they rely on Unicode support which may not be present on all users' machines. For the 1-2-3 superscripts, it is nevertheless preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m.

1 hectare = 1 E4 m²


x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub> or
<br/>
x&#8320; x&#8321; x&#8322; x&#8323; x&#8324;
<br/>
x&#8325; x&#8326; x&#8327; x&#8328; x&#8329;
x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup> or
<br/>
x&#8304; x&sup1; x&sup2; x&sup3; x&#8308;
<br/>
x&#8309; x&#8310; x&#8311; x&#8312; x&#8313;

&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
C&sup2; / J m.

1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m&sup2;]]

Greek characters:
α β γ δ ε ζ
η θ ι κ λ μ ν
ξ ο π ρ σ ς
τ υ φ χ ψ ω
Γ Δ Θ Λ Ξ Π
Σ Φ Ψ Ω


&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta; 
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu; 
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigma; &sigmaf;
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi; 
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;

Suppressing interpretation of markup:
Link → (''to'') the [[Screenpedia FAQ]]

  • Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.
  • Escape all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags.
  • Does not escape HTML character references.
  • To escape HTML character references such as &rarr; use &amp;rarr;


<nowiki>Link &rarr; (''to'') 
the [[Screenpedia FAQ]]</nowiki>

Commenting page source:
not shown when viewing page

  • Used to leave comments in a page for future editors.
  • Note that most comments should go on the appropriate Talk page.


<!-- comment here -->

Using images

Getting an image on a Screenpedia page is a two-step process:

  1. Upload the image
  2. Place the image on a page

Uploading images to Screenpedia

Only images that have first been uploaded to Screenpedia can be placed on its pages. The process goes like this:

  1. Create or save an image file on your hard disk.
  2. Go to the upload page.
  3. The Source filename blank is for the name and location of your file on your hard disk. Click the Browse button next to it to search your hard disk for the file you created/saved.
  4. The Destination filename is for the name of the file as it will appear on Screenpedia. This defaults to the same name as the Source filename, but you can change it, if need be (if, for example, there is already a file on Screenpedia with that name).
  5. In the Summary blank, type a description of the file, including its original source.
  6. Click the Upload file button to complete this step and create a page associated with this file. The page will have a name like Image:goober.jpg (if your file's name were goober.jpg) and will contain basic information about the file and its upload.

Placing images on Screenpedia pages

Now that we've got a file-based page for our image, we can place it on another page by surround its name with square brackets [[]] and including it in the editing of a page. Using our example above, this would look like:

  • [[Image:goober.jpg]].

But that's just the beginning. You can do all sorts of stuff with the alignment and the style of a placed image. Here are some options.

What it looks like What you type
A picture:

Wiki.png

A picture: 
[[Image:wiki.png]]
A smaller, thumbnail of the image, with a caption beneath it:
Screenpedia Encyclopedia as a globe.
A smaller, thumbnail of the image, with a caption beneath it:
[[Image:wiki.png|thumb|100px|Screenpedia Encyclopedia as a globe.]]
  • This is the most common way to add images to wikis. Highly recommended.
  • The number in the "px" setting establishes the thumbnail's width, measured in pixels. In this example, it is set to 100 pixels wide.
  • Clicking the thumbnail displays the full-sized image.
  • The "thumb" setting automatically floats the image to the right.
  • The caption is also used as alternate text--viewable if you mouse over the image.


With alternative text:

jigsaw globe

With alternative text:
[[Image:wiki.png|jigsaw globe]]
  • Alternative text, used when a mouse hovers over the image or when the image is not loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See Alternate text for images for help on choosing it.
Floating to the right side of the page without a caption:
Screenpedia Encyclopedia
Floating to the right side of the page
''without'' a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|right|Screenpedia Encyclopedia]]
Using wiki markup to make a table in which to place a vertical column of images (this helps edit links match headers, especially in Firefox browsers):
Example: {| align=right
|-
| 
Place images here
|}

More image info/help

See the Screenpedia's image use policy.

For further help on images, including some more versatile abilities, see the topic on Extended image syntax.

Further info

Since Screenpedia runs on the same software as Wikipedia, the help material over there mostly applies over here. So, check out the following for further assistance.